英语知识 some与any的用法比较

少儿英语教材学习中,我们会遇到一些常见的词语,用法会存在一些困惑。英语与汉语的区别之一是,同样的意思在不同的语气下会使用不同的词语。在英语中,表达不定数量的修饰词的some和any,两者通常用在可数名词复数和不可数名词之前,表示数量未知。

与之相对的a和an,它们用在可数名词单数之前,表示不确定的某一个,其中a用在辅音开头单词之前,而an用在元音开头单词之前。例如

A book

A guitar

A friend

A university 其中的university拼写以元音字母开头,但是读音是辅音开头

An apple

An ice-cream

An orange

An hour 其中的单词hour中,字母h不发音,所以hour读音以元音开始,故而用an。

我们在可数名词复数和不可数名词之前用some和any,其中some主要用在肯定句中,而any主要用在否定句中。

例如

I have some information for you about flights to Paris.

肯定句-不可数名词

I don't have any information for you about flights to Paris.

否定句-不可数名词

We met some friends for drinks after work yesterday.

肯定句-可数名词复数

I didn't see any friends there on Thursday.

否定句-可数名词复数

I think he will have some time to speak to you today.

肯定句-不可数名词

I don't think he will have any time to speak to you today.

否定句-不可数名词

如果句子意思明确,可以将some/any之后的名词省略,避免内容的重复,例如:

I didn't eat any salad but Peter ate some. (salad)

Sean took lots of photos of the mountains but Emma didn't take any. (photos)

通常情况下,疑问句中用any,例如

Do you know any famous people?

Do you have any children?

但是问句中有三种例外情况要用some而不是any:

当向他人提供某物时:

Would you like some coffee?

Do you want some sugar for your coffee?

当我们向他人请求某物时:

Could I have some salt, please?

Can I have some fries with that?

当我们提出建议时:

Why don't we watch some movies on TV tonight?

Why don't you give her some advice?


上一篇
怎样才能像本土人一样说英语?
下一篇
五阶学习 掌握自然拼读发音规则
提交表单教材样页,培训视频
  • 电话:010-52293982
  • 微信:18811180292
  • QQ:18811180292
  • 邮箱:eshare1221@163.com
Copyright © 2018-2020 eshareedu.cn 北京希迩斯教育科技有限公司 ALL Rights Reserved. 京ICP备16011340号-2
地 址:北京市朝阳区大屯北路润枫德尚商务楼